The bottromycins belong to the ribosomally synthesized and posttranslationally modified peptide (RiPP) family of natural products. Bottromycins exhibit unique structural features, including a hallmark macrolactamidine ring and thiazole heterocycle for which divergent members of the YcaO superfamily have been biosynthetically implicated. Here we report the in vitro reconstitution of two YcaO proteins, BmbD and BmbE, responsible for the ATP-dependent cyclodehydration reactions that yield thiazoline- and macrolactamidine-functionalized products, respectively. We also establish the substrate tolerance for BmbD and BmbE and systematically dissect the role of the follower peptide, which we show serves a purpose similar to canonical leader peptides in directing the biosynthetic enzymes to the substrate. Lastly, we leverage the expanded capabilities of YcaO proteins to conduct an extensive bioinformatic survey to classify known YcaO chemistry. This analysis predicts new functions remain to be uncovered within the superfamily.