In-situ residual stress analysis during annealing treatments using neutron diffraction in combination with a novel furnace design

P. E. Aba-Perea, T. Pirling, M. Preuss

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32 Citations (Scopus)


A method for in-situ monitoring of residual strain/stress evolution during annealing treatments has been developed using a new induction heating setup designed for neutron strain-scanning instruments. First, time-of-flight neutron diffraction was used for determining the location and level of maximum residual stresses induced by quenching in disc shape samples of Ni-base superalloy Inconel 718. These were found to be in the centre of the samples being 700 MPa in tension in radial/hoop directions and − 300 MPa in axial direction. Subsequently, an in-situ annealing experiment was undertaken at 750 °C for 8 h in order to monitor the d-spacing evolution in this particular location in the three principal directions and in an attached stress-free sample. The measurements revealed that most stress relaxation occurs during the heating stage as a result of a combination of plasticity and early stage creep relaxation. During the isothermal stage the d-spacing changes measured in the stressed sample were dominated by the evolution of the stress-free d-spacing resulting in only very limited further stress relaxation. Ex-situ measurements after annealing confirmed the in-situ observations at the 8 h mark of 60% residual stress reduction validating the in-situ experimental protocol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)925-931
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials & Design
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Diffraction
  • In-situ experiment
  • Nickel-base superalloys
  • Residual stress relaxation

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