Impulsividad en varones con prescripción de benzodiacepinas y metadona en prisión

Translated title of the contribution: Impulsivity in men with prescription of benzodiazepines and methadone in prison

Luis Moreno-Ramos, María José Fernández-Serrano, Miguel Pérez-García, Antonio Verdejo-García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Benzodiazepines and methadone use has been associated with various neuropsychological impairments. However, to the best of our knowledge, no studies have been carried out on the effect of these substances (either separately or combined) on impulsive personality, including studies in prisoners. The aim of this study is to examine the impulsive personality of a sample of 134 male prisoners using the Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire (Torrubia, Avila, Molto, & Caseras, 2001) and the UPPS-P Scale (Cyders et al., 2007). Some of these were methadone users, methadone and benzodiazepines users, polydrug users in abstinence and non-dependent drug users. The results showed that drug users have greater sensitivity to reward, positive urgency, negative urgency and sensation seeking than non-dependent users. Methadone users showed more sensitivity to punishment and lack of perseverance with respect to other users. No differences were found between methadone+benzodiazepines users and other groups. The secondary aim is to examine which impulsive personality dimensions are related to the two motivational systems proposed by Gray (BIS-BAS) using exploratory factor analysis. Results showed two different components. One component was defined by the subscales sensitivity to reinforcement, positive urgency, negative urgency and sensation seeking. The second component was defined by the subscales sensitivity to punishment, lack of perseverance and lack of premeditation.

Translated title of the contributionImpulsivity in men with prescription of benzodiazepines and methadone in prison
Original languageSpanish, Castilian
Pages (from-to)205-214
Number of pages10
JournalAdicciones
Volume28
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Benzodiazepines
  • Impulsivity
  • Methadone
  • Prison
  • SPSRQ
  • UPPS-P

Cite this

Moreno-Ramos, L., Fernández-Serrano, M. J., Pérez-García, M., & Verdejo-García, A. (2016). Impulsividad en varones con prescripción de benzodiacepinas y metadona en prisión. Adicciones, 28(4), 205-214.