Background: The placement of retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters occurs commonly, but retrieval rates remain low. Consequently, there is an unmet clinical need to ensure appropriate follow-up and retrieval of these devices. Objectives: To determine the association between an IVC filter surveillance team with filter retrievals or a documented filter plan, time to retrieval, and incidence of filter complications or recurrent venous thromboembolism. Methods: Ambidirectional cohort study evaluating consecutive IVC filter insertions before and after the implementation of a multidisciplinary surveillance team (MDST). We report an odds ratio (OR) with 95% CIs, adjusted by age, sex, weight, and malignancy status. Results: Overall, 453 patients were included, with 272 individuals in the pre-MDST cohort and 181 individuals in the post-MDST cohort. The MDST was associated with a higher composite primary outcome of IVC filter retrieval or a documented filter plan from 79.4% in the pre-MDST cohort to 96.1% in the post-MDST cohort (OR, 6.44; 95% CI, 3.06–15.84). Compared with the pre-MDST cohort, IVC filter retrieval rates were higher in the post-MDST cohort (52.6%–73.5%, respectively; (OR, 2.50; 95% CI, 1.67–3.78). The MDST was associated with a shorter median time-to-filter retrieval (187–150 days, hazard ratio, 1.78; 95% CI, 1.39–2.29), but there was no significant difference when comparing symptomatic or clinically significant IVC filter complications, recurrent venous thromboembolism, or mortality. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates the importance of a structured program to ensure timely IVC filter retrieval and ultimately improve patient care.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2023|
- cohort study
- patient care
- vena cava filters
- venous thromboembolism