Improving the prediction of final infarct size in acute stroke with bolus delay-corrected perfusion MRI measures

Stephen E. Rose, Andrew L. Janke, Mark Griffin, Mark W. Strudwick, Simon Finnigan, James Semple, Jonathan B. Chalk

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate whether bolus delay-corrected dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) perfusion MRI measures allowed a more accurate estimation of eventual infarct volume in 14 acute stroke patients using a predictive tissue classifier algorithm. Materials and Methods: Tissue classification was performed using a expectation maximization and κ-means clustering algorithm utilizing diffusion and T2 measures (diffusion-weighted imaging [DWI], apparent diffusion coefficient [ADC], and T2) combined with unconnected perfusion measures cerebral blood flow ((CBF) and mean transit time [MTT]), bolus delay-corrected perfusion measures (cCBF and cMTT), and bolus delay-corrected perfusion indices (cCBF and cMTT with bolus delay). Results: The mean similarity index (SI), a kappa-based correlation statistic reflecting the pixel-by-pixel classification agreement between predicted and 30-day T2 lesion volumes, were 0.55 ± 0.19, 0.61 ± 0.15 (P < 0.02) and 0.60 ± 0.17 (P < 0.03), respectively. Spearman's correlation coefficients, comparing predicted and flnal lesion volumes were 0.56 (P < 0.05), 0.70 (P < 0.01), and 0.84 (P < 0.001), respectively. We found a more significant correlation between predicted infarct volumes derived from bolus delay-corrected perfusion measures than from conventional perfusion measures when combined with diffusion measures and compared with final lesion volumes measured on 30-day T2 MRI scans. Conclusion: Bolus delay-corrected perfusion measures enable an improved prediction of infarct evolution and evaluation of the hemodynamic status of neuronal tissue in acute stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)941-947
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute stroke
  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Diffusion weighted MRI
  • MRI
  • Perfusion weighted MRI

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