Improving selection of αIIbβ3-binding phage antibodies with increased reactivity derived from immunized donors

M. J. Jacobin, R. Robert, O. Pouns, J. Laroche-Traineau, A. Nurden, K. Peter, M. Little, G. Clofent-Sanchez

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Although many studies of the immune response in polytransfused Glanzmann thrombasthenia (GT) patients and in autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura (AITP) have demonstrated the frequent development of Abs directed against the αIIbβ3 integrin, little is known about the induced anti-αIIbβ3 autoantibodies at the molecular level. Phage display is a powerful technology for selecting and engineering mAbs expressed on the surface of filamentous bacteriophage. Combinatorial libraries of single-chain IgG were constructed from splenocytes from two patients with AITP and one patient with GT. In a previous study, activated platelets or αIIbβ3-expressing CHO cells selection was performed to isolate human IgG anti-αIIbβ3 binding fragments using combinatorial libraries created from the B cells of a GT and an AITP patient. However, we have experienced practical problems such as enrichment of truncated antibodies during selection. We decided to test prolonged treatments with elution agents after screening on the purified form of the αIIbβ3 integrin activated with the RGD peptide. We obtained a higher percentage of clones with full-size antibody fragments as well as an enrichment of more specific αIIbβ3-binding phage-Abs. Some of them, recognizing the activated form of the integrin, would be interesting to further study as potential diagnostic or therapeutic agents in acute coronary syndromes. Sequencing of selected phage-Abs revealed that they used different VH and VL genes with, for the majority of them, a high level of extensive hypermutations in the complementarity determining regions, indicating the diversity of the antigen-driven immune response that occurred in GT and AITP patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-210
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Immunology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Human antibodies
  • Integrin αIIbβ3
  • Glanzmann thrombasthenia
  • Autoimmunity
  • Autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Gene rearrangement
  • Somatic mutation
  • Phage display selection
  • Recombinant antibodies
  • Antibody library
  • scFv

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