Improving efficacy of the adjustable gastric band: Studies of the use of adjuvant approaches in a rodent model

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Abstract

Background: The laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (AGB) has been effective in reducing excess weight by approximately 50% for at least 16 years. However, as with all weight loss approaches, reduction in weight resulting from bariatric surgery is associated with a compensatory reduction in energy expenditure, which may confound and limit weight loss. Adjuvant therapies that reduce food intake and increase energy expenditure may be used to improve weight loss outcomes by ameliorating, or even reversing, this reduction in energy expenditure. Methods: Rats were either fitted with an AGB or were sham operated and received one of 2 adjunctive pharmacologic treatments, (1) thyroxine or (2) bupropion/naltrexone (Contrave), at a range of doses and matched with vehicle controls (n = 6-8/group) over a 4-week period of combined treatments. Metabolic parameters including food intake, weight, fat mass, and energy expenditure in brown adipose tissue (BAT), whole body calorimetry, and physical activity were assessed. Results: Inflation of the AGB caused a reduction in weight gain that was further enhanced by cotreatment with either thyroxine or Contrave (P<.05). Thyroxine completely ameliorated the reduction in AGB-induced BAT thermogenesis and significantly improved weight loss, particularly in fat mass. Contrave also augmented the loss of weight and fat mass associated with the AGB and increased BAT thermogenesis in banded rats even at doses below that required to change food intake. Conclusion: Adjuvant therapies can improve the efficacy of the AGB, at least in part by negating the compensatory reduction in energy expenditure, but also via a combined effect on food intake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-304
Number of pages14
JournalSurgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017

Keywords

  • Adjustable gastric band
  • Adjuvant therapy
  • Animal model
  • Bariatric surgery

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