Improvement of Coarse Sand Engineering Properties by Microbially Induced Calcite Precipitation

Aamir Mahawish, Abdelmalek Bouazza, Will P. Gates

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10 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates the effectiveness of microbially induced calcite precipitation method in improving the strength and stiffness of coarse sands using treatments based on a four-phase percolation technique. An increase of biochemical treatment cycles was associated with increased deposition of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) and consequently an increase in compressive strength. Furthermore, the bio-cemented coarse sand retained reasonable porosity and permeability, which should allow dissipation of pore water pressure if required. The results also establish a correlation between the strength gained and stiffness of the bio-cemented coarse sand with the increase in the amount of deposited CaCO3, initial relative density and dry density. Scanning electron microscopy and electron dispersive spectroscopy analysis indicate that the inter-structure of the bio-cemented coarse sand tend to change in morphology based upon the number of biochemical treatments used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)887-897
Number of pages11
JournalGeomicrobiology Journal
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2018


  • Bio-cementation
  • coarse sand
  • ground improvement
  • MICP

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