Improvement of carrier capacity for scalable scrambling method with reversible information insertion functionality

Koksheik Wong, Simying Ong, Kiyoshi Tanaka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a scalable data representation scheme to improve the carrier capacity of a data hiding method called ScaScraIH [1] in the DCT compressed domain. Though ScaScraIH can scalably scramble a DCT compressed content such as JPEG image and MPEG/H.26x video while inserting external information into it, the manipulated content suffers from consistent bitstream size increment. To better justify the inevitable bitstream size increment, we propose a data representation scheme called virtual queue decomposition to scalably increase the carrier capacity of ScaScraIH without further increasing bitstream size of the output product. Virtual queue decomposition puts zerorun-value pairs into a fixed number of sub-queues, where the cardinality of each sub-queue together form a unique decomposition that encodes a segment of the external information. Carrier capacity is increased by simply increasing the number of sub-queues, but at the expense of higher computational complexity. Analysis is carried out to compute the theoretical upper bound for carrier capacity with respect to ScaScraIH. Experiments are also carried out to verify the proposed improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2011 IEEE International Conference on Signal and Image Processing Applications, ICSIPA 2011
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE International Conference on Signal and Image Processing Applications (ICSIPA) 2011 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 16 Nov 201118 Nov 2011
Conference number: 2nd (Proceedings)


ConferenceIEEE International Conference on Signal and Image Processing Applications (ICSIPA) 2011
Abbreviated titleICSIPA 2011
CityKuala Lumpur
Internet address

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