Improved upper limits on the stochastic gravitational-wave background from 2009-2010 LIGO and Virgo Data

LIGO and Virgo Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Gravitational waves from a variety of sources are predicted to superpose to create a stochastic background. This background is expected to contain unique information from throughout the history of the Universe that is unavailable through standard electromagnetic observations, making its study of fundamental importance to understanding the evolution of the Universe. We carry out a search for the stochastic background with the latest data from the LIGO and Virgo detectors. Consistent with predictions from most stochastic gravitational-wave background models, the data display no evidence of a stochastic gravitational-wave signal. Assuming a gravitational-wave spectrum of OGW(f)=Oa(f/fref)a, we place 95 confidence level upper limits on the energy density of the background in each of four frequency bands spanning 41.5-1726 Hz. In the frequency band of 41.5-169.25 Hz for a spectral index of a=0, we constrain the energy density of the stochastic background to be OGW(f)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 11
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume113
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Cite this

@article{39297074d7ed498b8a93ea538d079505,
title = "Improved upper limits on the stochastic gravitational-wave background from 2009-2010 LIGO and Virgo Data",
abstract = "Gravitational waves from a variety of sources are predicted to superpose to create a stochastic background. This background is expected to contain unique information from throughout the history of the Universe that is unavailable through standard electromagnetic observations, making its study of fundamental importance to understanding the evolution of the Universe. We carry out a search for the stochastic background with the latest data from the LIGO and Virgo detectors. Consistent with predictions from most stochastic gravitational-wave background models, the data display no evidence of a stochastic gravitational-wave signal. Assuming a gravitational-wave spectrum of OGW(f)=Oa(f/fref)a, we place 95 confidence level upper limits on the energy density of the background in each of four frequency bands spanning 41.5-1726 Hz. In the frequency band of 41.5-169.25 Hz for a spectral index of a=0, we constrain the energy density of the stochastic background to be OGW(f)",
author = "J Aasi and Abbott, {Benjamin P} and Abbott, {Richard S} and Thomas Abbott and Abernathy, {Matthew Robert} and Timothee Accadia and F Acernese and K Ackley and Adams, {Catherine Anne} and Adams, {Thomas S} and Paolo Addesso and Adhikari, {Rana X} and Christoph Affeldt and Michalis Agathos and Nancy Aggarwal and Aguiar, {Odylio D} and Anirban Ain and Ajith, {Parameswaran M} and Almir Alemic and Bruce Allen and Annalisa Allocca and Daniel Amariutei and Andersen, {Mathis Baekbo} and Anderson, {R A} and Anderson, {Stuart B} and Anderson, {Warren G} and Koji Arai and Araya, {Melody C} and Arceneaux, {Cody Christopher} and Areeda, {Joseph S} and Aston, {Stuart M} and Pia Astone and Peter Aufmuth and Carsten Aulbert and L Austin and Aylott, {Benjamin Edwin} and Stanislav Babak and Baker, {Paul T} and G Ballardin and Ballmer, {Stefan W} and Barayoga, {Juan C} and Mark Barbet and Barish, {Barry C} and David Barker and Fabrizio Barone and Barr, {Bryan W} and Lisa Barsotti and Matteo Barsuglia and Barton, {Mark A} and Imre Bartos and Riccardo Bassiri and A Basti and Batch, {Jim C} and Joran Bauchrowitz and Bauer, {Th S} and Berit Behnke and Michal Bejger and Beker, {M G} and Chris Belczynski and Bell, {Angus S} and C Bell and Gerald Bergmann and Diego Bersanetti and Alessandro Bertolini and Betzwieser, {Joseph C} and Beyersdorf, {Peter T} and Bilenko, {Igor Antonovich} and GariLynn Billingsley and Jeremy Birch and Sebastien Biscans and Massimiliano Bitossi and Marie-Anne Bizouard and Eric Black and Blackburn, {James Kent} and Blackburn, {Lindy L} and Blair, {David G} and Steven Bloemen and Blom, {Matheus Ronaldus} and O Bock and Bodiya, {Timothy Paul} and M Boer and Gilles Bogaert and Christina Bogan and Charlotte Bond and Francois Bondu and L Bonelli and Romain Bonnand and Rolf Bork and Michael Born and Valerio Boschi and Sukanta Bose and Leone Bosi and Carlo Bradaschia and Brady, {Patrick R} and Braginsky, {Vladimir Borisovich} and Marica Branchesi and Brau, {James E} and T Briant and Bridges, {D O} and Alain Brillet and Marc Brinkmann and Violette Brisson and Brooks, {Aidan F} and Brown, {Duncan Alexander} and Brown, {Daniel D} and Frank Bruckner and Saps Buchman and Tomasz Bulik and Bulten, {Henk Jan} and Alessandra Buonanno and Ron Burman and Damir Buskulic and Christelle Buy and Laura Cadonati and Gianpietro Cagnoli and {Calderon Bustillo}, Juan and Enrico Calloni and Camp, {Jordan B} and Paul Campsie and Cannon, {Kipp C} and Benjamin Canuel and J Cao and Capano, {Collin D} and Franco Carbognani and Ludovico Carbone and Santiago Caride and Anthony Castiglia and Sarah Caudill and Marco Cavaglia and Fabien Cavalier and Roberto Cavalieri and Charles Celerier and Giancarlo Cella and Christian Cepeda and Elisabetta Cesarini and Rijuparna Chakraborty and Tara Chalermsongsak and Chamberlin, {Sydney JoAnne} and Shiuh Chao and Philip Charlton and Eric Chassande-Mottin and Xu Chen and Yanbei Chen and Andrea Chincarini and Antonino Chiummo and Cho, {Hee Suk} and Jong Chow and Nelson Christensen and Qi Chu and Sheon Chua and Chung, {Shin Kee} and Giacomo Ciani and Filiberto Clara and Clark, {James A} and Frederic Cleva and Eugenio Coccia and Pierre-Francois Cohadon and Alberto Colla and Collette, {Christophe Guy} and Marco Colombini and Cominsky, {Lynn R} and {Constancio Jr}, Marcio and A Conte and Douglas Cook and Corbitt, {Thomas R} and Mark Cordier and Neil Cornish and Corpuz, {Alexander Adams} and Alessandra Corsi and Costa, {Cesar A} and Coughlin, {Michael William} and Coughlin, {Scott Benjamin} and Jean-Pierre Coulon and Countryman, {Stefan Trklja} and Peter Couvares and Coward, {David M} and Matthew Cowart and Coyne, {Dennis C} and Robert Coyne and Kieran Craig and Creighton, {Jolien D E} and Crowder, {Sarah Gwynne} and Alan Cumming and Liam Cunningham and Elena Cuoco and Katrin Dahl and {Dal Canton}, Tito and M Damjanic and Danilishin, {Stefan L} and Sabrina D'Antonio and K Danzmann and Vincenzino Dattilo and Daveloza, {Hernan Pablo} and Michel Davier and Davies, {Gareth Stephen} and Daw, {Edward J} and Day, {Richard Arthur} and Thilina Dayanga and Gergely Debreczeni and Jerome Degallaix and Samuel Deleglise and {Del Pozzo}, Walter and Timo Denker and Thomas Dent and Husne Dereli and Vladimir Dergachev and {De Rosa}, {Rosario D} and DeRosa, {Ryan T} and Riccardo DeSalvo and Dhurandhar, {Sanjeev Vishnu} and Diaz, {M A} and {Di Fiore}, Luciano and {Di Lieto}, Alberto and {Di Palma}, Irene and {Di Virgilio}, Angela and Andreas Donath and Fred Donovan and Dooley, {Katherine L} and Suresh Doravari and Scott Dossa and Rebecca Douglas and Downes, {Tom P} and Marco Drago and Drever, {Ronald W P} and Driggers, {Jenne C} and Zhihui Du and Dwyer, {Sheila E} and Tobias Eberle and Edo, {Tega Boro} and Mark Edwards and Anamaria Effler and Heinz-Bernd Eggenstein and Phil Ehrens and Johannes Eichholz and Eikenberry, {Stephen S} and Gabor Endroczi and Essick, {Reed Clasey} and Todd Etzel and Matthew Evans and Tom Evans and Maxim Factourovich and Viviana Fafone and Lasky, {Paul Daniel} and Yuri Levin and Ilya Mandel and Premachandra, {Sammanani Shakra} and Letizia Sammut and RJE Smith and Eric Thrane and Zhu, {Xing J} and {LIGO and Virgo Collaboration}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.231101",
language = "English",
volume = "113",
pages = "1 -- 11",
journal = "Physical Review Letters",
issn = "0031-9007",
publisher = "APS",
number = "23",

}

Improved upper limits on the stochastic gravitational-wave background from 2009-2010 LIGO and Virgo Data. / LIGO and Virgo Collaboration.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 113, No. 23, 2014, p. 1 - 11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Improved upper limits on the stochastic gravitational-wave background from 2009-2010 LIGO and Virgo Data

AU - Aasi, J

AU - Abbott, Benjamin P

AU - Abbott, Richard S

AU - Abbott, Thomas

AU - Abernathy, Matthew Robert

AU - Accadia, Timothee

AU - Acernese, F

AU - Ackley, K

AU - Adams, Catherine Anne

AU - Adams, Thomas S

AU - Addesso, Paolo

AU - Adhikari, Rana X

AU - Affeldt, Christoph

AU - Agathos, Michalis

AU - Aggarwal, Nancy

AU - Aguiar, Odylio D

AU - Ain, Anirban

AU - Ajith, Parameswaran M

AU - Alemic, Almir

AU - Allen, Bruce

AU - Allocca, Annalisa

AU - Amariutei, Daniel

AU - Andersen, Mathis Baekbo

AU - Anderson, R A

AU - Anderson, Stuart B

AU - Anderson, Warren G

AU - Arai, Koji

AU - Araya, Melody C

AU - Arceneaux, Cody Christopher

AU - Areeda, Joseph S

AU - Aston, Stuart M

AU - Astone, Pia

AU - Aufmuth, Peter

AU - Aulbert, Carsten

AU - Austin, L

AU - Aylott, Benjamin Edwin

AU - Babak, Stanislav

AU - Baker, Paul T

AU - Ballardin, G

AU - Ballmer, Stefan W

AU - Barayoga, Juan C

AU - Barbet, Mark

AU - Barish, Barry C

AU - Barker, David

AU - Barone, Fabrizio

AU - Barr, Bryan W

AU - Barsotti, Lisa

AU - Barsuglia, Matteo

AU - Barton, Mark A

AU - Bartos, Imre

AU - Bassiri, Riccardo

AU - Basti, A

AU - Batch, Jim C

AU - Bauchrowitz, Joran

AU - Bauer, Th S

AU - Behnke, Berit

AU - Bejger, Michal

AU - Beker, M G

AU - Belczynski, Chris

AU - Bell, Angus S

AU - Bell, C

AU - Bergmann, Gerald

AU - Bersanetti, Diego

AU - Bertolini, Alessandro

AU - Betzwieser, Joseph C

AU - Beyersdorf, Peter T

AU - Bilenko, Igor Antonovich

AU - Billingsley, GariLynn

AU - Birch, Jeremy

AU - Biscans, Sebastien

AU - Bitossi, Massimiliano

AU - Bizouard, Marie-Anne

AU - Black, Eric

AU - Blackburn, James Kent

AU - Blackburn, Lindy L

AU - Blair, David G

AU - Bloemen, Steven

AU - Blom, Matheus Ronaldus

AU - Bock, O

AU - Bodiya, Timothy Paul

AU - Boer, M

AU - Bogaert, Gilles

AU - Bogan, Christina

AU - Bond, Charlotte

AU - Bondu, Francois

AU - Bonelli, L

AU - Bonnand, Romain

AU - Bork, Rolf

AU - Born, Michael

AU - Boschi, Valerio

AU - Bose, Sukanta

AU - Bosi, Leone

AU - Bradaschia, Carlo

AU - Brady, Patrick R

AU - Braginsky, Vladimir Borisovich

AU - Branchesi, Marica

AU - Brau, James E

AU - Briant, T

AU - Bridges, D O

AU - Brillet, Alain

AU - Brinkmann, Marc

AU - Brisson, Violette

AU - Brooks, Aidan F

AU - Brown, Duncan Alexander

AU - Brown, Daniel D

AU - Bruckner, Frank

AU - Buchman, Saps

AU - Bulik, Tomasz

AU - Bulten, Henk Jan

AU - Buonanno, Alessandra

AU - Burman, Ron

AU - Buskulic, Damir

AU - Buy, Christelle

AU - Cadonati, Laura

AU - Cagnoli, Gianpietro

AU - Calderon Bustillo, Juan

AU - Calloni, Enrico

AU - Camp, Jordan B

AU - Campsie, Paul

AU - Cannon, Kipp C

AU - Canuel, Benjamin

AU - Cao, J

AU - Capano, Collin D

AU - Carbognani, Franco

AU - Carbone, Ludovico

AU - Caride, Santiago

AU - Castiglia, Anthony

AU - Caudill, Sarah

AU - Cavaglia, Marco

AU - Cavalier, Fabien

AU - Cavalieri, Roberto

AU - Celerier, Charles

AU - Cella, Giancarlo

AU - Cepeda, Christian

AU - Cesarini, Elisabetta

AU - Chakraborty, Rijuparna

AU - Chalermsongsak, Tara

AU - Chamberlin, Sydney JoAnne

AU - Chao, Shiuh

AU - Charlton, Philip

AU - Chassande-Mottin, Eric

AU - Chen, Xu

AU - Chen, Yanbei

AU - Chincarini, Andrea

AU - Chiummo, Antonino

AU - Cho, Hee Suk

AU - Chow, Jong

AU - Christensen, Nelson

AU - Chu, Qi

AU - Chua, Sheon

AU - Chung, Shin Kee

AU - Ciani, Giacomo

AU - Clara, Filiberto

AU - Clark, James A

AU - Cleva, Frederic

AU - Coccia, Eugenio

AU - Cohadon, Pierre-Francois

AU - Colla, Alberto

AU - Collette, Christophe Guy

AU - Colombini, Marco

AU - Cominsky, Lynn R

AU - Constancio Jr, Marcio

AU - Conte, A

AU - Cook, Douglas

AU - Corbitt, Thomas R

AU - Cordier, Mark

AU - Cornish, Neil

AU - Corpuz, Alexander Adams

AU - Corsi, Alessandra

AU - Costa, Cesar A

AU - Coughlin, Michael William

AU - Coughlin, Scott Benjamin

AU - Coulon, Jean-Pierre

AU - Countryman, Stefan Trklja

AU - Couvares, Peter

AU - Coward, David M

AU - Cowart, Matthew

AU - Coyne, Dennis C

AU - Coyne, Robert

AU - Craig, Kieran

AU - Creighton, Jolien D E

AU - Crowder, Sarah Gwynne

AU - Cumming, Alan

AU - Cunningham, Liam

AU - Cuoco, Elena

AU - Dahl, Katrin

AU - Dal Canton, Tito

AU - Damjanic, M

AU - Danilishin, Stefan L

AU - D'Antonio, Sabrina

AU - Danzmann, K

AU - Dattilo, Vincenzino

AU - Daveloza, Hernan Pablo

AU - Davier, Michel

AU - Davies, Gareth Stephen

AU - Daw, Edward J

AU - Day, Richard Arthur

AU - Dayanga, Thilina

AU - Debreczeni, Gergely

AU - Degallaix, Jerome

AU - Deleglise, Samuel

AU - Del Pozzo, Walter

AU - Denker, Timo

AU - Dent, Thomas

AU - Dereli, Husne

AU - Dergachev, Vladimir

AU - De Rosa, Rosario D

AU - DeRosa, Ryan T

AU - DeSalvo, Riccardo

AU - Dhurandhar, Sanjeev Vishnu

AU - Diaz, M A

AU - Di Fiore, Luciano

AU - Di Lieto, Alberto

AU - Di Palma, Irene

AU - Di Virgilio, Angela

AU - Donath, Andreas

AU - Donovan, Fred

AU - Dooley, Katherine L

AU - Doravari, Suresh

AU - Dossa, Scott

AU - Douglas, Rebecca

AU - Downes, Tom P

AU - Drago, Marco

AU - Drever, Ronald W P

AU - Driggers, Jenne C

AU - Du, Zhihui

AU - Dwyer, Sheila E

AU - Eberle, Tobias

AU - Edo, Tega Boro

AU - Edwards, Mark

AU - Effler, Anamaria

AU - Eggenstein, Heinz-Bernd

AU - Ehrens, Phil

AU - Eichholz, Johannes

AU - Eikenberry, Stephen S

AU - Endroczi, Gabor

AU - Essick, Reed Clasey

AU - Etzel, Todd

AU - Evans, Matthew

AU - Evans, Tom

AU - Factourovich, Maxim

AU - Fafone, Viviana

AU - Lasky, Paul Daniel

AU - Levin, Yuri

AU - Mandel, Ilya

AU - Premachandra, Sammanani Shakra

AU - Sammut, Letizia

AU - Smith, RJE

AU - Thrane, Eric

AU - Zhu, Xing J

AU - LIGO and Virgo Collaboration

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Gravitational waves from a variety of sources are predicted to superpose to create a stochastic background. This background is expected to contain unique information from throughout the history of the Universe that is unavailable through standard electromagnetic observations, making its study of fundamental importance to understanding the evolution of the Universe. We carry out a search for the stochastic background with the latest data from the LIGO and Virgo detectors. Consistent with predictions from most stochastic gravitational-wave background models, the data display no evidence of a stochastic gravitational-wave signal. Assuming a gravitational-wave spectrum of OGW(f)=Oa(f/fref)a, we place 95 confidence level upper limits on the energy density of the background in each of four frequency bands spanning 41.5-1726 Hz. In the frequency band of 41.5-169.25 Hz for a spectral index of a=0, we constrain the energy density of the stochastic background to be OGW(f)

AB - Gravitational waves from a variety of sources are predicted to superpose to create a stochastic background. This background is expected to contain unique information from throughout the history of the Universe that is unavailable through standard electromagnetic observations, making its study of fundamental importance to understanding the evolution of the Universe. We carry out a search for the stochastic background with the latest data from the LIGO and Virgo detectors. Consistent with predictions from most stochastic gravitational-wave background models, the data display no evidence of a stochastic gravitational-wave signal. Assuming a gravitational-wave spectrum of OGW(f)=Oa(f/fref)a, we place 95 confidence level upper limits on the energy density of the background in each of four frequency bands spanning 41.5-1726 Hz. In the frequency band of 41.5-169.25 Hz for a spectral index of a=0, we constrain the energy density of the stochastic background to be OGW(f)

UR - http://arxiv.org/pdf/1406.4556v2.pdf

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.231101

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.231101

M3 - Article

VL - 113

SP - 1

EP - 11

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 23

ER -