Improved photoelectric conversion efficiency from titanium oxide-coupled tin oxide nanoparticles formed in flame

Feng Gu, Wenjuan Huang, Shufen Wang, Xing Cheng, Yanjie Hu, Chunzhong Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The charge losses as a result of recombination to redox electrolyte and dye cation make tin oxide (SnO2)-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) particularly inferior when compared with its titanium oxide (TiO 2) counterpart. In this article, TiO2 nanocrystal is sealed in SnO2 by a modified flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) approach and the recombination losses to dye cation of SnO2 photoanode are effectively suppressed due to the negatively shifted Fermi level with the formation of bandedge-engineered core/shell structure. The fabricated TiO 2@SnO2 (TSN)-device shows an open circuit voltage of 0.59 V and an efficiency of 3.82%, significantly better than those of the TiO 2-, and SnO2-DSSCs devices. After surface modification, the conversion efficiency could be further improved to 7.87% while the open circuit voltage reaches 0.70 V. The higher efficiency of the TSN-based device is attributed to the enhanced electron injection arising from decreased interfacial charge recombination losses and improved electron transport. This strategy renders a new concept for further improvement of photovoltaic performance by engineering the dynamics of electron transport and recombination in DSSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)922-927
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Dye-sensitized solar cell
  • Flame reaction
  • Nanoparticle
  • Tin oxide
  • Titanium oxide

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