Importance of increased ultrafiltration volume and impact on mortality: Sepsis and cytokine story and the role for CVVH

C. Ronco, Z. Ricci, R. Bellomo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is growing interest in extracorporeal blood purification therapies (EBPT) as adjuvants in the complex therapy of sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Nowadays the only routinely used purification technique is 'renal replacement therapy' (RRT) during acute renal failure (ARF), one of the almost inevitable and deadly components of MODS. RRT has been the first and still is the most utilised and effective type of EBPT. Evidence is growing about its ability to maintain homeostatic balance in critically ill patients, and specifically in septic patients with MODS. Clinical trials have been recently designed to modify or improve these therapies. In detail, the following issues have been currently addressed: effects on blood purification provided by different therapies, adequacy of prescription and delivery of therapy, toxins and solutes to be removed with these techniques. Based on these speculations we will briefly review the current understanding of these issues and the rationale for application of RRT in the intensive care unit (ICU). In particular, we will focus on the importance of increased ultrafiltration volume and its impact on mortality in the general ICU population and in septic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalEDTNA - ERCA Journal
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cytokine
  • Mortality
  • Renal replacement therapy
  • Ultrafiltration

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