Implementing general environmental duties: challenges and opportunities

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A general environmental duty is being implemented in Victoria as part of an overhaul of the jurisdiction's environmental protection regime. This is part of a growing international trend to replace or supplement prescriptive regulatory regimes with more general, principle-based standards. However, implementing a general environmental duty poses numerous challenges to regulators responsible for its implementation. This study systematically reviews the growing literature on general duties and their implementation to identify these challenges. Through a thematic synthesis of the published literature, we identify nine challenges relevant to the implementation of a general environmental duty. The article concludes by identifying four opportunities for regulators to address these challenges.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages19
JournalAustralian Journal of Public Administration
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020


  • general duty
  • general environmental duty
  • implementation
  • regulation
  • systematic review

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