Implementation of person-centred practice principles and behaviour change techniques after a 2-day training workshop: A nested case study involving physiotherapists

Belinda J. Lawford, Kim L. Bennell, Jessica Kasza, Penny K. Campbell, Janette Gale, Caroline Bills, Rana S. Hinman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: The aims of the present study were to determine how well physiotherapists implemented person-centred practice principles and behaviour change techniques after a workshop, and to evaluate whether self-audit of performance differed from audits of an experienced training facilitator. Methods: Eight physiotherapists each completed a 2-day workshop followed by two telephone consultations with four patients with knee osteoarthritis. The training facilitator audited audio-recordings of all consultations, and therapists self-audited 50% of consultations using a tool comprising: (a) 10 person-centred practice principles rated on a numerical rating scale of 0 (need to work on this) to 10 (doing really well); and (b) seven behaviour change techniques rated with an ordinal scale (using this technique effectively; need to improve skill level; or need to learn how to apply this technique). Results: Physiotherapists showed “moderate” fidelity to person-centred principles, with mean scores between 5 and 7 out of 10. For behaviour change techniques, the training facilitator believed that physiotherapists were using three of seven techniques “effectively” during most consultations and “needed to improve skill levels” with most other techniques. Physiotherapists scored themselves significantly lower than the training facilitator for two of 10 person-centred principles, and tended to rate their skills using behaviour change techniques less favourably. Conclusions: Physiotherapists performed moderately well when implementing person-centred practice principles and behaviour change techniques immediately after training, but had room for improvement, particularly for skills relating to providing management options and changing thinking habits. Physiotherapists' self-ratings of performance generally did not differ from expert ratings; however, they underestimated their ability to implement some principles and techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-233
Number of pages13
JournalMusculoskeletal Care
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019


  • behaviour change
  • clinical trial
  • fidelity
  • person-centred
  • physiotherapy
  • RCT
  • training

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