Implementation of a non-orthogonal constitutive model for the finite element simulation of textile composite draping

Robert S. Pierce, Brian G. Falzon, Mark C. Thompson, Romain Boman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In the pursuit of producing high quality, low-cost composite aircraft structures, out-of-autoclave manufacturing processes for textile reinforcements are being simulated with increasing accuracy. This paper focuses on the continuum-based, finite element modelling of textile composites as they deform during the draping process. A non-orthogonal constitutive model tracks yarn orientations within a material subroutine developed for Abaqus/Explicit, resulting in the realistic determination of fabric shearing and material draw-in. Supplementary material characterisation was experimentally performed in order to define the tensile and non-linear shear behaviour accurately. The validity of the finite element model has been studied through comparison with similar research in the field and the experimental lay-up of carbon fibre textile reinforcement over a tool with double curvature geometry, showing good agreement. 

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Computational Mechanics
EditorsGrant Steven, Qing Li, Zhongpu (Leo) Zhang
Place of PublicationPfaffikon Switzerland
PublisherTrans Tech Publications
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783038350682
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventAustralasian Conference on Computational Mechanics 2013 - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 3 Oct 20134 Oct 2013
Conference number: 1st (this link contains a statement of peer review) (preface)

Publication series

NameApplied Mechanics and Materials
PublisherTrans Tech Publications
ISSN (Print)1660-9336
ISSN (Electronic)1662-7482


ConferenceAustralasian Conference on Computational Mechanics 2013
Abbreviated titleACCM 2013
Internet address


  • Composite materials
  • Draping
  • Process modelling
  • Textile reinforcements

Cite this