Impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance: What best predicts future diabetes in Mauritius?

Jonathan E. Shaw, Paul Z. Zimmet, Maximilian De Courten, Gary K. Dowse, Pierrot Chitson, Hassam Gareeboo, Farojdeo Hemraj, Djameel Fareed, Jaakko Tuomilehto, K. George M.M. Alberti

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE - To determine if impaired fasting glucose (IFG; fasting plasma glucose level 6.1-6.9 mmol/l) can predict future type 2 diabetes as accurately as does impaired glucose tolerance (IGT; 2-h plasma glucose level 7.8-11.0 mmol/l). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A longitudinal population- based study was performed with surveys in 1987 and 1992 on the island of Mauritius, assessing diabetes status by the oral glucose tolerance test. A total of 3,717 subjects took part in both surveys. Of these subjects, 3,229 were not diabetic in 1987 and formed the basis of this study. RESULTS - At baseline, there were 607 subjects with IGT and 266 subjects with IFG. There were 297 subjects who developed diabetes by 1992. For predicting progression to type 2 diabetes, the sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive values were 26, 94, and 29% for IFG and 50, 84, and 24% for IGT, respectively. Only 26% of subjects that progressed to type 2 diabetes were predicted by their IFG values, but a further 35% could be identified by also considering IGT. The sensitivities were 24% for IFG and 37% for IGT in men and 26% for IFG and 66% for IGT in women, respectively. CONCLUSIONS - These data demonstrate the higher sensitivity of IGT over IFG for predicting progression to type 2 diabetes. Screening by the criteria for IFG alone would identify fewer people who subsequently progress to type 2 diabetes than would the oral glucose tolerance test.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-402
Number of pages4
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1999
Externally publishedYes

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