Impacts of morphological-controlled ZnO nanoarchitectures on aerobic microbial communities during real wastewater treatment in an aerobic-photocatalytic system

Jang Sen Chang, Meng Nan Chong, Phaik Eong Poh, Joey D. Ocon, Muhammad Zarul Hanifah Md Zoqratt, Sze Mei Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the impacts of morphological-controlled ZnO nanoarchitectures on aerobic microbial communities during real wastewater treatment in an aerobic-photocatalytic system. Results showed that the antibacterial properties of ZnO nanoarchitectures were significantly more overwhelming than their photocatalytic properties. The inhibition of microbial activities in activated sludge by ZnO nanoarchitectures entailed an adverse effect on wastewater treatment efficiency. Subsequently, the 16S sequencing analysis were conducted to examine the impacts of ZnO nanoarchitectures on aerobic microbial communities, and found the significantly lower microbial diversity and species richness in activated sludge treated with 1D-ZnO nanorods as compared to other ZnO nanoarchitectures. Additionally, 1D-ZnO nanorods reduced the highest proportion of Proteobacteria phylum in activated sludge due to its higher proportion of active polar surfaces that facilitates Zn2+ ions dissolution. Pearson correlation coefficients showed that the experimental data obtained from COD removal efficiency and bacterial log reduction were statistically significant (p-value < 0.05), and presented a positive correlation with the concentration of Zn2+ ions. Finally, a non-parametric analysis of Friedman test and post-hoc analysis confirmed that the concentration of Zn2+ ions being released from ZnO nanoarchitectures is the main contributing factor for both the reduction in COD removal efficiency and bacterial log reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113867
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume259
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Antibacterial activity
  • Photocatalytic degradation
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Zn ions dissolution
  • ZnO photocatalyst

Cite this