Impact of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in the staging and treatment response assessment of extra-pulmonary small-cell cancer: ORIGINAL ARTICLE

D. L. Gregory, S. M. Brennan, A. Stillie, A. Herschtal, R. J. Hicks, M. P. MacManus, D. L. Ball

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Abstract

Summary The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) in extrapulmonary small-cell cancer (EPSCC). Patients with EPSCC who underwent PET for staging or response assessment between 1996 and 2007 were identified from a database. Patient records were reviewed. PET-based, and conventional staging and restaging results were compared. The binary staging classification of limited disease (LD) versus extensive disease (ED) was used. Patients with LD had tumours that could be encompassed within a tolerable radiation therapy (RT) volume. Of 33 eligible patients, 12 had staging PET scans, 11 had restaging scans and 10 had both. All known gross disease sites were FDG-avid. PET and conventional stage groupings were concordant in 21 of 22 cases. One patient was appropriately upstaged from LD to ED by PET. PET detected additional disease sites, without causing upstaging in three further patients. Restaging PET scans identified previously unrecognised persistent or progressive disease in 4 of 21 cases. In four further cases, persistent FDG uptake after treatment was either false positive (n = 2) or of uncertain (n = 2) aetiology. PPV was 100% for staging and 82% for restaging. In 8 of 43 imaging episodes (19%), PET appropriately influenced management in five cases by changing treatment intent from radical to palliative, and in three cases by altering the RT volume. PET has incremental value compared to conventional imaging for staging EPSCC, and may also be useful for restaging after therapy. PET influenced patient management in 19% of 43 imaging episodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-107
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Extrapulmonary small-cell cancer
  • Positron emission tomography
  • Radiation therapy
  • Small-cell lung cancer

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