Impact of polymer molecular weight on polymeric photodiodes

Siddhartha Saggar, Kedar D. Deshmukh, Sarah K.M. McGregor, Monirul Hasan, Atul Shukla, Jyoti S. Agawane, Nagaraj Nayak, Eliot Gann, Lars Thomsen, Anil Kumar, Christopher R. McNeill, Shih Chun Lo, Ebinazar B. Namdas

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Abstract

The field of organic photodiodes (OPDs) has witnessed continuous development in the last decade. Although a considerable portion of electron-donating materials are polymers, there has been an existential gap in deciphering the influence of the polymer's molecular-weight on the photodiode performance. We take up OPDs based on 5,5′-[(9,9-Dioctyl-9H-fluorene-2,7-diyl)bis(2,1,3-benzothiadiazole-7,4diylmethylidyne)]bis[3-ethyl-2-thioxo-4-thiazolidinone] (FBR) acceptor material blended with three different molecular-weights of defect-free form of a well-known donor polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT) are taken up, and their optoelectronic performance along with morphological characteristics are studied. Disparity of up to a decade in key photodetecting characteristics is observed. Further, the tools of near-edge X-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopy, resonant soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and time-delayed collection-field measurements are employed to decipher the difference in the fundamental photo-physical processes and the operating mechanisms of the OPDs. It is concluded that the molecular weight and the resulting morphology of the active layer strongly influence photodiode performance, in particular, dark current, linear dynamic range, and specific-detectivity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2101890
Number of pages10
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • conjugated polymers
  • molecular weight
  • morphology
  • organic photodiodes
  • organic semiconductors
  • photodetectors

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