Impact of ethnicity on the presentation of hyperandrogenism in polycystic ovarian syndrome: A review

Annabel SL Chong, Hoi Lim Cheang, Valliammai Jayanthi T Arasoo, Nisha Angela Dominic

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinopathy affecting women of reproductive age. Diagnosis of PCOS is widely based on the 2003 Rotterdam criteria: Oligo-anovulation, hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovaries on ultrasound. However, clinical hyperandrogenism which is commonly used as a diagnostic criterion for PCOS is not particularly prevalent amongst certain ethnic groups. This review article explores the diverse manifestation of hyperandrogenism in different ethnicities and the difficulties of accurately diagnosing PCOS, with a focus on Malaysian patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-140
Number of pages16
JournalPan Asian Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020


  • PCOS
  • Hyperandrogenism

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