The effect of Cremaphor-EL (Cr-EL) and polysorbate-80 (PS-80) on the transepithelial permeability of digoxing (DIG) has been evaluated using the reciprocal permeability approach to delineate thermodynamic and transporter related events. Permeability data were corrected for solubilization using the micellar association constant (K-alpha) obtained from P-app data generated in the presence of the nonspecific ATPase inhibitor sodium orthovandate. In the presence of mucosla Cr-EL, a concentration dependant decrease in serosl-mucosal (S-M) and increase in M-S transport was observed. Whilst serosal Cr-EL resulted in a reduction in S-M DIG transport, no impact on M-S transport was apparent. For PS-80, the presence of either serosal or mucosal surfactant led to a decrease in sercetory (S-M) DIG transport, however no effect on absorptive transport was evident. The data confirm the potential P-gp inhibitory effects of Cr-EL, but suggest that in contrast to Cr-EL, PS-80 is not a potent inhibitor of P-gp and is incapable of increasing absorptive drug transport, at least in excised rat intestinal tissue and at the concentrations tested. The data are also consistent with the involvement of additional transporters (both apical and basolateral) in the intestinal permeability of DIG, although more definitive data is required to confirm this possibility.
|280 - 293
|Number of pages
|Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
|Published - 2007