Impact of a Virtual Dementia Experience on Medical and Pharmacy Students' Knowledge and Attitudes Toward People with Dementia

A Controlled Study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Clinical practice guidelines for dementia highlight the importance of providing patient-centered care. This can be achieved by improving health professionals' attitudes and knowledge toward people with dementia. Objective: Quantitatively evaluate the impact of a virtual dementia experience on medical and pharmacy students' knowledge and attitudes toward people with dementia. Methods: A non-randomized controlled study from September-October 2016. The intervention group received a 1.5-hour multisensory, virtual simulation of light, sound, color, and visual content to experience the cognitive and perceptual difficulties faced by people with dementia. Controls participated in the standard curriculum only. All students were invited to complete the 20-item Dementia Attitudes Scale (DAS) pre- and post-intervention. Results: A total of 278 students (n = 64 medical, n = 214 pharmacy) were analyzed (n = 80 intervention, n = 198 control). The majority of students were female (n = 184, 66.2%), with an average age of 22.5 years. The intervention improved the DAS total score and subdomains of comfort and knowledge (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The intervention had a positive impact on medical and pharmacy students' knowledge and attitudes toward people with dementia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-876
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • dementia
  • education
  • medicine
  • pharmacy

Cite this

@article{fb0ca1a47c544706b04e650291bea476,
title = "Impact of a Virtual Dementia Experience on Medical and Pharmacy Students' Knowledge and Attitudes Toward People with Dementia: A Controlled Study",
abstract = "Background: Clinical practice guidelines for dementia highlight the importance of providing patient-centered care. This can be achieved by improving health professionals' attitudes and knowledge toward people with dementia. Objective: Quantitatively evaluate the impact of a virtual dementia experience on medical and pharmacy students' knowledge and attitudes toward people with dementia. Methods: A non-randomized controlled study from September-October 2016. The intervention group received a 1.5-hour multisensory, virtual simulation of light, sound, color, and visual content to experience the cognitive and perceptual difficulties faced by people with dementia. Controls participated in the standard curriculum only. All students were invited to complete the 20-item Dementia Attitudes Scale (DAS) pre- and post-intervention. Results: A total of 278 students (n = 64 medical, n = 214 pharmacy) were analyzed (n = 80 intervention, n = 198 control). The majority of students were female (n = 184, 66.2{\%}), with an average age of 22.5 years. The intervention improved the DAS total score and subdomains of comfort and knowledge (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The intervention had a positive impact on medical and pharmacy students' knowledge and attitudes toward people with dementia.",
keywords = "Alzheimer's disease, dementia, education, medicine, pharmacy",
author = "Gilmartin-Thomas, {Julia F.M.} and John McNeil and Anne Powell and Malone, {Daniel T.} and Rory Wolfe and Larson, {Ian C.} and O'Reilly, {Claire L.} and Kirkpatrick, {Carl M.} and Eva Kipen and Tanya Petrovich and Bell, {J. Simon}",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "20",
doi = "10.3233/JAD-170982",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "867--876",
journal = "Journal of Alzheimer's Disease",
issn = "1387-2877",
publisher = "IOS Press",
number = "2",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of a Virtual Dementia Experience on Medical and Pharmacy Students' Knowledge and Attitudes Toward People with Dementia

T2 - A Controlled Study

AU - Gilmartin-Thomas, Julia F.M.

AU - McNeil, John

AU - Powell, Anne

AU - Malone, Daniel T.

AU - Wolfe, Rory

AU - Larson, Ian C.

AU - O'Reilly, Claire L.

AU - Kirkpatrick, Carl M.

AU - Kipen, Eva

AU - Petrovich, Tanya

AU - Bell, J. Simon

PY - 2018/2/20

Y1 - 2018/2/20

N2 - Background: Clinical practice guidelines for dementia highlight the importance of providing patient-centered care. This can be achieved by improving health professionals' attitudes and knowledge toward people with dementia. Objective: Quantitatively evaluate the impact of a virtual dementia experience on medical and pharmacy students' knowledge and attitudes toward people with dementia. Methods: A non-randomized controlled study from September-October 2016. The intervention group received a 1.5-hour multisensory, virtual simulation of light, sound, color, and visual content to experience the cognitive and perceptual difficulties faced by people with dementia. Controls participated in the standard curriculum only. All students were invited to complete the 20-item Dementia Attitudes Scale (DAS) pre- and post-intervention. Results: A total of 278 students (n = 64 medical, n = 214 pharmacy) were analyzed (n = 80 intervention, n = 198 control). The majority of students were female (n = 184, 66.2%), with an average age of 22.5 years. The intervention improved the DAS total score and subdomains of comfort and knowledge (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The intervention had a positive impact on medical and pharmacy students' knowledge and attitudes toward people with dementia.

AB - Background: Clinical practice guidelines for dementia highlight the importance of providing patient-centered care. This can be achieved by improving health professionals' attitudes and knowledge toward people with dementia. Objective: Quantitatively evaluate the impact of a virtual dementia experience on medical and pharmacy students' knowledge and attitudes toward people with dementia. Methods: A non-randomized controlled study from September-October 2016. The intervention group received a 1.5-hour multisensory, virtual simulation of light, sound, color, and visual content to experience the cognitive and perceptual difficulties faced by people with dementia. Controls participated in the standard curriculum only. All students were invited to complete the 20-item Dementia Attitudes Scale (DAS) pre- and post-intervention. Results: A total of 278 students (n = 64 medical, n = 214 pharmacy) were analyzed (n = 80 intervention, n = 198 control). The majority of students were female (n = 184, 66.2%), with an average age of 22.5 years. The intervention improved the DAS total score and subdomains of comfort and knowledge (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The intervention had a positive impact on medical and pharmacy students' knowledge and attitudes toward people with dementia.

KW - Alzheimer's disease

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