Objective: To evaluate quality of patient knowledge and rates of adherence to guidelines amongst splenectomised patients registered to the Spleen Australia registry. Method: Registrants recruited for assessment of residual splenic function post-splenectomy also underwent an assessment of quality of knowledge and a review of their long-term management. Eligible patients were ≥ 18 years of age, registered to the Spleen Australia clinical registry and had been splenectomised at least 1 year prior to their visit. Quality of knowledge was assessed using a validated questionnaire used in similar studies. Receipt of immunisations was validated by record review. Chemoprophylaxis use was self-reported by patients. Adherence was evaluated using Australian guidelines. Results: 77 patients were evaluated for education and adherence. 58% were female, mean age was 58 years, and median duration since splenectomy was 14 years. Most common indications for splenectomy were trauma and haematological conditions. 77% had good knowledge of key educational points to reduce chances of infection. Adherence to immunisations varied with poor adherence to vaccines introduced after 2010. Only 6 patients were adherent to all recommended immunisations. Increasing duration since registration was associated with poorer 13vPCV (p = 0.008) and 4vMenCV adherence (p = 0.001). Over 70% either currently or had previously used daily chemoprophylaxis and 66% had a supply of emergency antibiotics. Conclusions: Although registrants are receiving initial and booster vaccinations, they do not receive newly recommended vaccines. In order to maintain long-term adherence, we recommend streamlining health information systems, improving awareness strategies and improving financial access to vaccinations in the community with additional awareness of the activities of the registry.