Immunomodulator use does not prevent first loss of response to anti-tumour necrosis factor alpha therapy in inflammatory bowel disease: long-term outcomes in a real-world cohort

Poornima Varma, Anton Rajadurai, Darcy Quinn Holt, David A Devonshire, Chris Desmond, Michael P. Swan, Debra Nathan, Edward Shelton, Lani Prideaux, Catherine Sorrell, Ferry Rusli, Luke RF Crantock, Anouk Dev, Dilip Ratnam, Stephen Pianko, Gregory Moore

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Recent prospective studies suggest combination therapy with immunomodulators improves efficacy, but long-term data is limited. Aim: To assess whether anti-tumour necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF) monotherapy was associated with earlier loss of response (LOR) than combination therapy in a real-world cohort with long-term follow up. Methods: A retrospective audit was conducted of inflammatory bowel disease patients receiving anti-TNF therapy in a tertiary centre and specialist private practices. All patients with accurate data for anti-TNF commencement and adequate correspondence to determine end-points were included. Outcomes measured included time to first LOR, causes and biochemical parameters. Results: Two hundred and twenty-four patients were identified; 139 (62.1%) on combination therapy and 85 (37.9%) on monotherapy. Forty-five percent of patients had LOR during follow up until a maximum of 8.5 years; 59.4% on combination therapy and 40.6% on monotherapy (P = 0.533). The median time to LOR was not different between groups; 1069 days for combination therapy and 1489 days for monotherapy (P = 0.533). There was no difference in time to LOR between patients treated with different combination regimens or different anti-TNF agents. Conclusion: In this large cohort of patients in a real-world setting, patients treated with anti-TNF monotherapy had similar rates of LOR as patients on anti-TNF combination therapy, at both short- and long-term follow up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)753-760
Number of pages8
JournalInternal Medicine Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019


  • anti-TNF therapy
  • combination therapy
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • loss of response
  • monotherapy

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