Immunohistochemical evidence of P2X7R, P2X4R and CaMKK2 in pyramidal neurons of frontal cortex does not align with Alzheimer's disease

Jessica Gaff, Connie Jackaman, John Papadimitriou, Shelley Waters, Catriona McLean, Patricia Price

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an incurable neurodegenerative condition resulting in progressive cognitive decline. Pathological features include Aβ plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, neuroinflammation and neuronal death. Purinergic receptors 7 and 4 (P2X7R and P2X4R) and calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase kinase 2 (CaMKK2) are implicated in neuronal death. We used immunohistochemistry to investigate the distribution of these proteins in neurones from frontal cortex of donors (n = 3/group; aged 79–83 years) who died with and without AD. Neurones were identified morphologically and immunoperoxidase staining was achieved using commercial antibodies. Immunoreactive neurones were counted for each protein by 2–3 raters blinded to the diagnoses. We observed no differences in percentages of P2X7R, P2X4R or CaMKK2 positive neurones (p = 0.2–0.99), but sections from individuals with AD had marginally fewer neurones (p = 0.10). Hence P2X7R, P2X4R or CaMKK2 appear to be expressed in neurones from older donors, but expression does not associate with AD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104636
Number of pages5
JournalExperimental and Molecular Pathology
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • CaMKK2
  • Neurones
  • P2X4R
  • P2X7R

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