Imaging of Neurocysticercosis

Alexander Lerner, Mark S. Shiroishi, Chi Shing Zee, Meng Law, John L. Go

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an infection of the central nervous system by the Taenia solium larvae, and is the most common cause of acquired epilepsy in endemic regions. The natural history of parenchymal NCC lesions can be divided into 4 stages with unique imaging and clinical features. Evaluation of cysticerci is challenging on conventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and computed tomography, and is significantly improved with MR cysternography techniques. Differentiation of NCC lesions from metastatic disease and pyogenic abscesses can be improved with advanced MR imaging including 1H nuclear MR spectroscopy, diffusion-weighted imaging, and MR perfusion imaging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)659-676
Number of pages18
JournalNeuroimaging Clinics of North America
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Central nervous system
  • Computed tomography
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Neurocysticercosis

Cite this

Lerner, A., Shiroishi, M. S., Zee, C. S., Law, M., & Go, J. L. (2012). Imaging of Neurocysticercosis. Neuroimaging Clinics of North America, 22(4), 659-676. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nic.2012.05.004