Imaging inflammatory leukocyte recruitment in kidney, lung and liver-challenges to the multi-step paradigm

Michael John Hickey, Clare Louise Westhorpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Intravital microscopy has been essential in establishing the multi-step paradigm that describes how leukocytes in the bloodstream interact with the blood vessel wall during the process of leukocyte recruitment. Much of this work has been performed in readily-visualized tissues such as the mesentery and the cremaster muscle, where leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions are restricted to postcapillary venules. However, the microvasculatures of the liver, lung and renal glomerulus differ markedly from these conventionally structured microvascular beds. Moreover, the liver, lung and kidney can be the target of life-threatening leukocyte-mediated inflammation. Therefore, a clear understanding of the mechanisms of leukocyte recruitment to these sites is critical. In this review, we examine the advances made in the understanding of leukocyte recruitment in the liver, lung and glomerulus, as determined using intravital microscopy. We describe how leukocyte recruitment to these sites occurs via mechanisms distinct from the conventional rolling/adhesion/transmigration paradigm, and in some cases involves adhesion molecules with minimal roles in conventional postcapillary venules. In addition, we describe how advanced forms of in vivo imaging in combination with novel approaches for labeling immune cell subsets is revealing new complexities in leukocyte function and immune cell interactions in these specialized microvascular beds.Immunology and Cell Biology advance online publication, 22 January 2013; doi:10.1038/icb.2012.83.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281 - 289
Number of pages9
JournalImmunology and Cell Biology
Volume91
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Cite this

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title = "Imaging inflammatory leukocyte recruitment in kidney, lung and liver-challenges to the multi-step paradigm",
abstract = "Intravital microscopy has been essential in establishing the multi-step paradigm that describes how leukocytes in the bloodstream interact with the blood vessel wall during the process of leukocyte recruitment. Much of this work has been performed in readily-visualized tissues such as the mesentery and the cremaster muscle, where leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions are restricted to postcapillary venules. However, the microvasculatures of the liver, lung and renal glomerulus differ markedly from these conventionally structured microvascular beds. Moreover, the liver, lung and kidney can be the target of life-threatening leukocyte-mediated inflammation. Therefore, a clear understanding of the mechanisms of leukocyte recruitment to these sites is critical. In this review, we examine the advances made in the understanding of leukocyte recruitment in the liver, lung and glomerulus, as determined using intravital microscopy. We describe how leukocyte recruitment to these sites occurs via mechanisms distinct from the conventional rolling/adhesion/transmigration paradigm, and in some cases involves adhesion molecules with minimal roles in conventional postcapillary venules. In addition, we describe how advanced forms of in vivo imaging in combination with novel approaches for labeling immune cell subsets is revealing new complexities in leukocyte function and immune cell interactions in these specialized microvascular beds.Immunology and Cell Biology advance online publication, 22 January 2013; doi:10.1038/icb.2012.83.",
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Imaging inflammatory leukocyte recruitment in kidney, lung and liver-challenges to the multi-step paradigm. / Hickey, Michael John; Westhorpe, Clare Louise.

In: Immunology and Cell Biology, Vol. 91, No. 4, 2013, p. 281 - 289.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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