Projects per year
The proliferation and differentiation of antigen-specific B cells, including the generation of germinal centers (GC), are prerequisites for long-lasting, antibody-mediated immune protection. Affinity for antigen determines B cell recruitment, proliferation, differentiation, and competitiveness in the response, largely through determining access to T cell help. However, how T cell-derived signals contribute to these outcomes is incompletely understood. Here, we report how the signature cytokine of follicular helper T cells, IL-21, acts as a key regulator of the initial B cell response by accelerating cell cycle progression and the rate of cycle entry, increasing their contribution to the ensuing GC. This effect occurs over a wide range of initial B cell receptor affinities and correlates with elevated AKT and S6 phosphorylation. Moreover, the resultant increased proliferation can explain the IL-21-mediated promotion of plasma cell differentiation. Collectively, our data establish that IL-21 acts from the outset of a T cell-dependent immune response to increase cell cycle progression and fuel cyclic re-entry of B cells, thereby regulating the initial GC size and early plasma cell output.
- B cells
- cell cycle
- germinal center
- plasma cells
The role of IL21 in integrating proliferation, migration and differentiation following B cell activation.
1/01/18 → 30/06/23
Christine Findlay (Manager)Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences Research Platforms
Andrew Fryga (Manager)Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences Research Platforms