## Abstract

Perimeter control is an effective city-scale solution to tackle congestion problems in urban networks. To accommodate the unpredictable dynamics of congestion propagation, it is essential to incorporate real-time robustness against travel demand fluctuations into a pragmatic perimeter control strategy. This paper proposes robust perimeter control algorithms based on partial information feedback from the network. The network dynamics are modeled using the concept of the Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram (MFD), where a heterogeneously congested network is assumed to be partitioned into two homogeneously congested regions, and an outer region that acts as demand origin and destination. The desired operating condition of the network is obtained by solving an optimization program. Observer-based H
_{∞}
proportional (P) and proportional-integral (PI) controllers are designed based on Lyapunov theory, to robustly regulate the accumulation of each region and consequently to maximize the network outflow. The controller design algorithms further accommodate operational constraints by guarantying: (i) the boundedness of the perimeter control signals and (ii) a bounded offset between the perimeter control signals. Control parameters are designed off-line by solving a set of linear matrix inequalities (LMI), which can be solved efficiently. Comprehensive numerical studies conducted on the nonlinear model of the network highlight the effectiveness of the proposed robust control algorithms in improving the congestion in the presence of time-varying disturbance in travel demand.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 47-73 |

Number of pages | 27 |

Journal | Transportation Research Part B: Methodological |

Volume | 137 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Jul 2020 |

## Keywords

- Gating
- Network fundamental diagram
- Observer based control
- Robust H-infinity control
- Traffic flow