Identifying the real-world challenges of dysplasia surveillance in inflammatory bowel disease: a retrospective cohort study in a tertiary health network

Alexander T. Elford, Ryan Hirsch, Owen M. McKay, Mitchell Browne, Gregory T. Moore, Sally Bell, Michael Swan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Background: Dysplasia surveillance in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is often suboptimal and deviates from guidelines. Aims: To assess dysplasia surveillance behaviours and adherence to guidelines amongst a large tertiary teaching health network with a specialised IBD unit to identify areas where dysplasia surveillance could be improved. Methods: A retrospective audit of IBD surveillance colonoscopy practice over an 18-month period was performed using the Provation Endoscopy Database and the hospital's primary sclerosing cholangitis database. Results: The audit identified 115 dysplasia surveillance colonoscopies. A total of 37% of index dysplasia colonoscopies were outside recommended guidelines. A total of 10% had inadequate bowel preparation and only 40% had excellent bowel preparation. A total of 28% of patients underwent dye-based chromoendoscopy and 69% underwent high-definition white-light endoscopy. Dye chromoendoscopy was more likely to be used by IBD specialists than interventional endoscopists (P = 0.008) and other endoscopists (P = 0.004). Only IBD specialists and interventional endoscopists used dye chromoendoscopy. Dysplasia or colorectal cancer was detected in 3.4% of the colonoscopies. Overall, the several dysplasia examinations were lower than expected. Conclusions: Dysplasia surveillance in the IBD population remains an area of improvement given the current national guidelines. IBD specialists are more likely to perform dye chromoendoscopy than other endoscopists/gastroenterologists. Dysplasia rates in this real-world contemporary setting are less than expected in historical studies and may represent improvements in IBD management principles and medications.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalInternal Medicine Journal
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 24 Apr 2023


  • dye chromoendoscopy
  • dysplasia
  • inflammatory bowel disease

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