Identifying self-assessed competencies and areas for improvement within community pharmacist-preceptors support during pre-registration training

Margita Držaić, Ingrid Kummer, Iva Mucalo, Andreia Bruno, Maja Ortner Hadžiabdić

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Competency frameworks that prompt personal and professional development have become an important component of lifelong learning; they are driven by healthcare professionals' need for development and professional recognition. This study aimed to evaluate the self-assessed competencies of community pharmacist-preceptors by using Croatian Competency Framework (CCF) and to identify competencies to be improved. The secondary aim was to explore the association between community pharmacists' characteristics (i.e. age, education etc.) and self-assessed competency performance. Methods: The study subjects were community pharmacist-preceptors who provide support to and mentor student trainees enrolled in pre-registration training for pharmacy students. At the beginning of their mentorship, the pharmacist-preceptors assessed their competencies on a four-point Likert scale by using the Croatian Competency Framework (CCF), a validated tool for assessment and self-assessment of community and hospital pharmacists. Data were collected via e-mail in the period from October 2015 to April 2016. Results: Of the 260 community pharmacists approached, final analysis included 223 respondents. The response rate was 85.8%. Community pharmacist-preceptors assessed themselves as the most competent in competencies pertaining to the cluster "Organization and management competencies" (M = 3.64, SD = 0.34), while they considered themselves as the least competent in the competencies pertaining to the cluster "Pharmaceutical public health competencies" (M = 2.75, SD = 0.77). Younger pharmacists with a postgraduate qualification who worked for large pharmacy chains in the capital city area and who had been in their current posts for a shorter period perceived themselves to be more competent. Conclusion: This research represents the first analysis of the CCF in practice and identifies community pharmacist-preceptor competencies that require improvement. Consequently, areas for additional professional education were defined. Implementing modalities to measure and support development of preceptors' competences is essential for improvement of student training programmes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number303
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Medical Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 2018


  • competency
  • Pharmacist-preceptor
  • community pharmacy
  • Croatian competency framework
  • Continuing professional development

Cite this