Identifying low value malnutrition care activities for de-implementation and systematised, interdisciplinary alternatives—a multi-site, nominal group technique approach

Alita Rushton, Kai Elmas, Judith Bauer, Jack J. Bell

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Malnutrition risk is identified in over one-third of inpatients; reliance on dietetics-delivered nutrition care for all “at-risk” patients is unsustainable, inefficient, and ineffective. This study aimed to identify and prioritise low-value malnutrition care activities for de-implementation and articu-late systematised interdisciplinary opportunities. Nine workshops, at eight purposively sampled hospitals, were undertaken using the nominal group technique. Participants were asked “What highly individualised malnutrition care activities do you think we could replace with systematised, interdisciplinary malnutrition care?” and “What systematised, interdisciplinary opportunities do you think we should do to provide more effective and efficient nutrition care in our ward/hospital?” Sixty-three participants were provided five votes per question. The most voted de-implementation activities were low-value nutrition reviews (32); education by dietitian (28); assessments by dietitian for patients with malnutrition screening tool score of two (22); assistants duplicating malnutrition screening (19); and comprehensive, individualised nutrition assessments where unlikely to add value (15). The top voted alternative opportunities were delegated/skill shared interventions (55), delegated/skill shared education (24), abbreviated malnutrition care processes where clinically appropriate (23), delegated/skill shared supportive food/fluids (14), and mealtime assistance (13). Findings highlight opportunities to de-implement perceived low-value malnutrition care activities and replace them with systems and skill shared alternatives across hospital settings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2063
Number of pages22
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Assistants
  • Clinical governance
  • De-implementation
  • Delegation
  • Delivery of health care
  • Implementation science
  • Interdisciplinary
  • Malnutrition
  • Nutrition assessment
  • Nutritional support

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