Identification of prophage genes expressed in lysogens of the Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage BK5-T

J. D. Boyce, B. E. Davidson, A. J. Hillier

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Abstract

Bacteriophage BK5-T is a small isometric-headed temperate phage that infects Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris. Northern (RNA) analysis of mRNA produced by lysogenic strains containing BK5-T prophage revealed four major BK5-T transcripts that are 0.8, 1.3, 1.8, and 1.8 kb in size and enabled a transcription map of the prophage genome to be prepared. The position and size of each transcript corresponded closely to the position and size of open reading frames predicted from the nucleotide sequence of BK5-T. Analysis of the transcripts suggested that one of them was derived from the gene encoding the BK5-T integrase and another was from the gene encoding the BK5-T homolog of the λ cI repressor. Computer analysis of the nucleotide sequence upstream of the BK5-T cI homolog predicted the presence of a pair of divergent promoters and three inverted repeat sequences, features characteristic of temperate-phage immunity regions. By analogy with λ, the three inverted repeat sequences could be binding sites for cI or Cro homologs and the two divergent promoters could initiate transcription through the BK5-T equivalents of cI and cro.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4099-4104
Number of pages6
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume61
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 1995
Externally publishedYes

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