The complex cell envelopes of Corynebacterineae contribute to the virulence of pathogenic species (such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Corynebacterium diphtheriae) and capacity of nonpathogenic species (such as Corynebacterium glutamicum) to grow in diverse niches. The Corynebacterineae cell envelope comprises an asymmetric outer membrane that overlays the arabinogalactan-peptidoglycan complex and the inner cell membrane. Dissection of the lipid composition of the inner and outer membrane fractions is important for understanding the biogenesis of this multilaminate wall structure. Here, we have undertaken the first high-resolution analysis of C. glutamicum inner and outer membrane lipids. We identified 28 lipid (sub)classes (>233 molecular species), including new subclasses of acylated/ acetylated trehalose mono/dicorynomycolic acids, using high-resolution LC/MS/MS coupled with mass spectral library searches in MS-DIAL. All lipid subclasses exhibited polarized distributions across the inner and outer membrane fractions generated by differential solvent extraction. Strikingly, deletion of the TmaT protein, which is required for transport of trehalose corynomycolates across the inner membrane, led to the accumulation of triacylglycerols in the inner membrane and to suppressed synthesis of phosphatidylglycerol and alanylated lipids. These analyses indicate unanticipated connectivity in the synthesis and/or transport of different lipid classes in C. glutamicum.—Klatt, S., R. Brammananth, S. O’Callaghan, K. A. Kouremenos, D. Tull, P. K. Crellin, R. L. Coppel, and M. J. McConville. Identification of novel lipid modifications and intermembrane dynamics in Corynebacterium glutamicum using high-resolution mass spectrometry.
- Bacterial membranes
- Trehalose lipids