The merozoite surface protein-1 (MSP1) is the most studied malaria blood-stage vaccine candidate. Lymphokines such as interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and interleukin 4 (IL-4) may mediate blood-stage specific protection. Here we identify Plasmodium falciparum MSP1 T-cell epitopes capable of rapid induction of IFN-γ and/or IL-4 from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of East and West African donors. Both allelic forms of these novel MSP1 T-cell epitopes were stimulatory. An unusually high numbers of Gambian responders (> 80%) to these epitopes were observed, suggesting that MSP1 reactivity may have been underestimated previously in this population. Surprisingly, IFN-γ responses to allelic T-cell epitopes failed to correlate with differential antigenic exposure in The Gambia compared to Kenya. These results suggest an unexpected level of immunoregulation of IFN-γ response with variable allelic T-cell reactivity independent of the level of antigenic exposure. Further analysis of the mechanisms determining this response pattern may be required if vaccines are to overcome this allelic reactivity bias in malaria-exposed populations.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|