Identification of commonly regulated protein targets and molecular pathways in PC-3 and DU145 androgen-independent human prostate cancer cells treated with the curcumin analogue 1,5-bis(2-hydroxyphenyl)-1,4-pentadiene-3-one

Kamini Citalingam, Faridah Abas, Nordin H. Lajis, Iekhsan Othman, Rakesh Naidu

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    Objective: To identify mutually regulated proteins in PC-3 and DU145 androgen-independent prostate cancer cell lines treated with 1,5-bis(2-hydroxyphenyl)-1,4-pentadiene-3-one (MS17), and to study the molecular pathways that contributed to the anticancer activity of MS17. Methods: PC-3 and DU145 cells were treated with 3 × EC50 (15 μM) concentration of MS17 for 24 h and were subjected to protein expression profiling using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and protein identification by mass spectrometry. Selected differentially expressed proteins with significant P-value of P<0.05 and fold change over 1.5-folds were filtered through and ontologically classified. Mutually regulated proteins were ranked by fold change and identified as common protein targets of MS17. Results: Profiling data revealed that, the mutually down-regulated proteins included ACTB and ACTG associated with structural molecule activity, ACTN1 with cell cycle, ACTN4 with cell migration, HNRPK with apoptosis, PLST with morphogenesis and TERA with proteolysis. However, the expressions of CH60 and HS71A respectively associated with response to unfolded protein demonstrated opposing regulation in PC-3 and DU145 cells. Pathway analysis of the differentially expressed proteins in PC-3 cells demonstrated the modulation of top pathways associated with cell-cell adhesion and cytoskeletal organization while in DU145 cells the pathways were associated with proteosomal degradation, regulation of electrolytes and water, regulation control of germ cells and organization of filament assembly/disassembly. Conclusions: The findings of the present study provide an understanding on the anti-tumorigenic activity of MS17 at the proteome level and warrant further research for its potential application for the management and treatment of androgen-independent prostate cancer.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)436-445
    Number of pages10
    JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 27 Sep 2018


    • Androgen-independent prostate cancer
    • Diarylpentanoid
    • Mass spectrometry
    • Pathway analysis
    • Proteomics profiling

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