Identification of character-impact odorants in coriander and wild coriander leaves using gas chromatography-olfactometry (GCO) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectometry (GC x GC-TOFMS)

Graham Eyres, Jean-Pierre Dufour, Gabrielle Hallifax, Subramanium Sotheeswaran, Philip Marriott

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The essential oil of coriander leaves (Coriandrum sativum) and wild coriander leaves (Eryngium foetidum) grown in Fiji was obtained by steam distillation. The aroma profiles were characterised using gas chromatography-olfactometry (GCO) and CharmAnalysisTM. The character-impact odorants were identified using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC??GC) combined with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS). During GCO analysis, the co-elution of E-2-alkenals and E-2-alken-1-ols resulted in the perception of a??odour-clustersa??. The most important odorants in C. sativum were found to be Z-2-decenal, a co-eluting odour-cluster (E-2-dodecenal, E-2-dodecen-1-ol, and 1-dodecanol), I?-ionone, eugenol, and E-2-decenal. E-2-Decen-1-ol was the most abundant compound in C. sativum (26.0 TIC) but only contributed 0.39 of the total odour activity. The most abundant compound in E. foetidum was E-2-dodecenal (63.5 TIC), which also contributed the most odour activity (52.9 ). Other important odorants were either eugenol or a trimethylbenzaldehyde isomer, I?-ionone, Z-4-dodecenal, dodecanal, and E-2-tetradecenal. GC??GCa??TOFMS allowed the identification of 42 and 20 compounds not previously reported in the literature for C. sativum and E. foetidum, respectively. In particular, I?-ionone was determined to be an important odorant in both samples but could not be identified with GCa??qMS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1061 - 1074
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Separation Science
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

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