The platelet membrane glycoprotein (GP) Ib-IX complex is a major site of attachment of the platelet membrane skeleton to the plasma membrane. This association is mediated by the interaction of actin-binding protein with the GP Ib-IX complex. The aim of the present work was to identify domains on the GP Ib-IX complex that interact with actin-binding protein. Synthetic peptides corresponding to sequences of the GP Ib α-chain and β-chain cytoplasmic domains were analyzed for their ability to bind to purified actin-binding protein. Two overlapping peptides encompassing a sequence (Thr-536-Phe-568) from the central region of the cytoplasmic domain of GP Ibα were the most effective in binding 125I-actin-binding protein, as assessed by a microtiter well approach and peptide affinity chromatography. One of the active peptides (Thr-536-Leu-554) was chosen to evaluate the likelihood that the central region of the cytoplasmic domain of GP Ibα is involved in binding of the intact complex to actin-binding protein. This peptide could be specifically cross-linked to purified actin-binding protein in solution. Rabbit polyclonal antibody against this peptide inhibited the binding of purified actin-binding protein to the purified GP Ib-IX complex. Finally, as in intact platelets, the calpain-induced hydrolytic fragments of purified actin-binding protein (Mr = 200,000 and Mr = 91,000) showed little binding to the GP Ibα peptide. Taken together, these results provided evidence that a region between Thr-536 and Phe-568 of the cytoplasmic domain of GP Iba participates in the interaction of the GP Ib-IX complex with actin-binding protein.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Sep 1992|