Identification and profiling of novel alpha 1(A)-adrenoceptor-CXC chemokine receptor 2 heteromer

Sanam Mustafa, Heng B See, Ruth Seeber, Stephen P Armstrong, Carl White, Sabatino Ventura, Mohammed Akli Ayoub, Kevin Pfleger

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We have provided the first evidence for specific heteromerization between the alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor (alpha(1A)AR) and CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) in live cells. alpha(1A)AR and CXCR2 are both expressed in areas such as the stromal smooth muscle layer of the prostate. By utilizing the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) heteromer identification technology on the live cell-based bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) assay platform, our studies in human embryonic kidney 293 cells have identified norepinephrine-dependent beta-arrestin recruitment that was in turn dependent upon co-expression of alpha(1A)AR with CXCR2. These findings have been supported by co-localization observed using confocal microscopy. This norepinephrine-dependent beta-arrestin recruitment was inhibited not only by the alpha(1)AR antagonist Terazosin but also by the CXCR2-specific allosteric inverse agonist SB265610. Furthermore, Labetalol, which is marketed for hypertension as a nonselective beta-adrenoceptor antagonist with alpha(1)AR antagonist properties, was identified as a heteromer-specific-biased agonist exhibiting partial agonism for inositol phosphate production but essentially full agonism for beta-arrestin recruitment at the alpha(1A)AR-CXCR2 heteromer. Finally, bioluminescence resonance energy transfer studies with both receptors tagged suggest that alpha(1A)AR-CXCR2 heteromerization occurs constitutively and is not modulated by ligand. These findings support the concept of GPCR heteromer complexes exhibiting distinct pharmacology, thereby providing additional mechanisms through which GPCRs can potentially achieve their diverse biological functions. This has important implications for the use and future development of pharmaceuticals targeting these receptors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12952 - 12965
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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