The recent discovery of a personal photograph album belonging to Ichiro Kagiyama offers new insight into this notable photographer’s work, biography and the Australian-Japanese community in Sydney in the 1910s. As a Japanese resident of Sydney from the early to mid-twentieth century, where he was an active member of the Photographic Society of New South Wales, a regular contributor to The Home magazine and a professional photographer operating his own commercial studio, Kagiyama made a valuable contribution to Australian visual culture. Regrettably very few examples of Kagiyama’s photographs are known to survive today. The rare personal album of 154 photographs examined here for the first time begins to address this paucity of material. This album presents images of important public moments of inter-cultural encounter between Australia and Japan, and reveals how Kagiyama used photography as an interpretive instrument to negotiate his own place amongst Anglo- and Japanese-Australian communities. The album also includes family photographs from Japan and hometown souvenirs, thus underscoring the mobility of photographs as material objects that can bridge the geographical and cultural distance between Australia and Japan.