Shared decision-making is related to better health outcomes in serious mental illness. It is not well addressed in non-Western cultures, for example Chinese culture. Chinese could be influenced by both paternalism and familism when making treatment decisions. However, this is unexplored. The study purpose is to explore shared decision-making from perspectives of inpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia in China. This study adopted qualitative descriptive approach. Through semi-structured interviews, twelve participants from the psychiatry department of a tertiary hospital shared their perceptions of shared decision-making. An inductive thematic approach was used to analyse the transcripts. Primary results included three main themes with nine subthemes: (1) Having a positive attitude: i) wanting my voice to be heard, ii) needing my family to be involved, and iii) preferring the psychiatrist to decide; (2) Feeling excluded: i) having limited financial capacity, ii) lacking interactive communication, iii) too few psychiatrists, and iv) being unsatisfied with informed consent process; and (3) Self-motivation in decision-making by: i) easing the burden on the family and ii) actively collecting health information. In this context, patients have fewer treatment options and a limited role in SDM. Yet, they have preference for SDM, actively seeking health information from mental health professionals particularly nurses.
- mental illnesses