A great current density-voltage (J-V) hysteresis with respect to the scan direction is important issue in perovskite hybrid solar cells because the power conversion efficiency is sometimes incorrect. Here, we demonstrated >17% mesoscopic CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3) perovskite hybride solar cells without significant J-V hysteresis with respective to the scan direction and rated by using Li-treated mesoscopic TiO2 electrode. The Li-treated mesoscopic TiO2 electrode improved charge separation/injection from MAPbI3 into mesoscopic TiO2, charge transport in mesoscopic TiO2, and surface traps because the conduction band edge of mesoscopic TiO2 was lowered by ~0.1eV, the mobility of charge carriers was increased from ~1.1×10-6cm2/Vs to ~2.5×10-6cm2/Vs, the conductivity of mesoscopic TiO2 was increased from ~5.6×10-7S/cm to ~1.6×10-6S/cm, and the trap density was reduced from ~1.2×1016cm-3 to ~9.3×1015cm-3 through Li-treatment. Therefore, the average power conversion efficiency was significantly enhanced from 14.84% to 17.26% at 1sun condition by the Li-treatment of mesoscopic TiO2.
- Hybrid solar cells
- J-V hysteresis