BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that expression of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-inducible gene-h3 (betaig-h3) and its anti-lysosomal activity may be responsible for the development of albuminuria and cardiovascular disease associated with hypertension. METHODS: We evaluated the proposed linkage using the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rat models. The kidney and left ventricular weight/body weight ratios were measured and cardiac collagen deposition was analyzed by Masson s trichrome stain. Renal and cardiac TGF-beta(1) and betaig-h3 expression were determined by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and renal and cardiac cathepsin B and L activities were measured as an indicator of lysosomal proteolytic activity. RESULTS: SHR exhibited increased levels of intact urinary albumin without significant change in total albumin (intact plus albumin-derived material) excretion. This was accompanied by renal hypertrophy, increased renal betaig-h3 expression, and reduced renal cathepsin B and L activities. At the same time, increased cardiac TGF-beta(1) and betaig-h3 expression and reduced cardiac cathepsin B activity was identified in SHR in addition to cardiac hypertrophy and increased collagen deposition. All these changes could be ameliorated with ramipril treatment. CONCLUSIONS: These findings implicate for the first time betaig-h3 expression and lysosomal activity as a key factor in the induction of albuminuria and cardiovascular disease associated with hypertension.
|Pages (from-to)||454 - 464|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||American Journal of Nephrology|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|