Hydrothermal synthesis of silver vanadium oxide (Ag0.35V2O5) nanobelts for sensing amines

Haitao Fu, Hui Xie, Xiaohong Yang, Xizhong An, Xuchuan Jiang, Aibing Yu

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Abstract

A simple hydrothermal method for the synthesis of Ag0.35V2O5 nanobelts with the assistance of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) is reported in this study. The experimental variables that may affect the nanoparticle structures were investigated. And several advanced techniques, such as TEM, HRTEM, X-ray diffraction (XRD), were used to characterize the morphology and composition of the as-prepared nanobelts. The mechanism of the formation and growth of Ag0.35V2O5 nanobelts was also investigated and discussed. The results show that SDS, as a weak reducing agent, plays a crucial role in the formation of Ag0.35V2O5. According to N2 sorption isothermals, the as-prepared Ag0.35V2O5 nanobelts are found to exhibit relative high surface area. The gas sensing performance of the Ag0.35V2O5 nanobelts towards organic amine was tested. It is found that the nanobelts show superior sensitivity of amine(s) to V2O5 particles, lower detection limit (5 ppm), and higher selectivity of amine versus ammonia at an optimized working temperature of ~260 °C. Moreover, the density functional theory (DFT) simulation was conducted to better understand the sensing mechanism. These findings may be useful in designing promising materials to detect amine gases for medical or food industrial applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number411
Number of pages12
JournalNanoscale Research Letters
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Hydrothermal method
  • Ag0.35V2O5 nanobelts
  • Gas sensing;
  • Organic amines
  • DFT simulation

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