Hydrogen peroxide as an immunological transmitter regulating autoreactive T cells

Rikard Holmdahl, Outi Sareila, Angela Pizzolla, Susann Winter, Cecilia Hagert, Noora Jaakkola, Tiina Kelkka, Lina M Olsson, Kajsa Wing, Liselotte Backdahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Significance: An unexpected finding, revealed by positional cloning of genetic polymorphisms controlling models for rheumatoid arthritis, exposed a new function of Ncf1 and NADPH oxidase (NOX) 2 controlled oxidative burst. Recent Advances: A decreased capacity to produce ROS due to a natural polymorphism was found to be the major factor leading to more severe arthritis and increased T cell-dependent autoimmunity. Critical Issues: In the vein of this finding, we here review a possible new role of ROS in regulating inflammatory cell and autoreactive T cell activity. It is postulated that peroxide is an immunologic transmitter secreted by antigen-presenting cells that downregulate the responses by autoreactive T cells. Future Directions: This may operate at different levels of T cell selection and activation: during negative selection in the thymus, priming of T cells in draining lymph nodes, and while interacting with macrophages in peripheral target tissues. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 00, 000a??000.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1463 - 1474
Number of pages12
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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