Hybrid dark excitons in monolayer MoS2

Hong Liu, Anny Pau, Dmitry K. Efimkin

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Transition metal dichalcogenides have a rich exciton landscape consisting of a variety of bright and dark excitonic states. We consider the lowest-energy dark states in , which can be referred to as hybrid excitons, as they are formed by a Dirac electron and a Schrödinger hole. The chiral nature of the Dirac electron introduces asymmetry to the excited exciton state spectrum and couples the relative motion of the electron and hole with the center-of-mass motion. We demonstrate that this coupling generates an additional contribution to the Berry curvature of hybrid excitons. The additional contribution is substrate dependent and accounts for almost one quarter of the Berry curvature in suspended samples. The nontrivial geometry of hybrid excitons is manifested in the optical anomalous valley Hall effect, which can be observed via recently developed pump-probe photoemission spectroscopy. We argue that the Hall angle of hybrid excitons is approximately one half of that for bright excitons. Moreover, the anticipated long lifetime of hybrid excitons favors an extended propagation distance and allows the spatial separation of hybrid excitons with different valley indices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number165411
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2021

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