The article in an interpretive way explores connection between the modern theory of personal world-outlook evolution and the key points of cultural-historical theory by Lev S. Vygotsky. It is shown that world-outlook results from consistently stage by stage developing certain world-images that evolve during all human life. They include mythopoetic, natural-philosophical, universal-symbolic and scientific world images. The authors dwell on Vygotsky?s ideas about a word as a means of attention focus, on the importance of imagination for expansion and enrichment of child?s experience and for development of creative activity. Game is seen as the source of children development in both world-outlook evolution theory and Vygotsky?s concept. The authors come to the conclusion that studies of development of the world-look enrich theoretical framework of cultural psychology.