This study tested the hypothesis that inhibin is a major negative feedback regulator of FSH secretion but has minimal effects on LH secretion in rams. In experiment 1, castrated rams (wethers) were given either vehicle or human recombinant inhibin A (hr-inhibin) as three s.c. or three i.v. 50-μg injections 6 h apart or as one 50-μg i.v. injection followed by 100-μg infusion over 12 h. Human recombinant inhibin suppressed plasma FSH while the vehicle had no effect. The greatest suppression in plasma FSH was achieved following i.v. administration of hr-inhibin given either by repeated injection or by infusion. In experiment 2, wethers were given vehicle or a 50-μg i.v. injection followed by 800-μg infusion of hr-inhibin over 12 h. Infusion of hr-inhibin suppressed plasma FSH with a maximal suppression of 53.3% occurring between 15 and 24 h after the start of treatment. During this period, the plasma concentrations of FSH and inhibin were in the range of values for intact rams. Human recombinant inhibin did not influence plasma LH in either experiment. This study demonstrated that physiological treatment with inhibin, in the absence of testosterone, has the capacity to suppress plasma concentrations of FSH in wethers to the levels found in intact rams.