Human papillomavirus vaccine coverage in male-male partnerships attending a sexual health clinic in Melbourne, Australia

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We aimed to investigate the sexual mixing by human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination status in male-male partnerships and estimate the proportion of male-male partnerships protected against HPV. We analyzed male-male partnerships attending the Melbourne Sexual Health Center between 2018 and 2019. Data on self-reported HPV vaccination status were collected. Newman’s assortativity coefficient was used to examine the sexual mixing by HPV vaccination status. Assortativity refers to the tendency of individuals to have partners with similar characteristics (i.e. same vaccination status). Of 321 male-male partnerships where both men reported their HPV vaccination status, 52.6% (95% CI: 47.0–58.2%) partnerships had both men vaccinated, 32.1% (95% CI: 27.0–37.5%) partnerships had only one man vaccinated, and 15.3% (95% CI: 11.5–19.7%) had both men unvaccinated. The assortativity on HPV vaccination status was moderate (assortativity coefficient = 0.265, 95% CI: 0.196–0.335). There were about 15% of male-male partnerships where both men were not protected against HPV. Interventions targeting vaccinated individuals to encourage their unvaccinated partners to be vaccinated might increase the HPV vaccine coverage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2068929
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • assortative mixing
  • cancer
  • immunisation
  • men who have sex with men
  • prevention
  • Vaccination

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