Human papillomavirus vaccination and sexual practices among men who have sex with men in Melbourne, Australia: a cross-sectional study

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The aim of this study was to explore the factors associated with self-reported receipt of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among men who have sex with men (MSM). MSM aged 16–40 years attending the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Australia, for their first visit in 2016 were included in the analysis. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the association between self-reported HPV vaccination and sexual practices: one examining the sexual practices. A total of 1332 MSM with a mean age of 27.6 (standard error [SE] = 0.1) were included in the analysis. The mean number of reported male partners in the last 3 and 12 months was 4.0 (SE = 0.1) and 8.9 (SE = 0.4), respectively. Six percent (n = 81) of MSM reported receiving the HPV vaccine. There was no significant association between sexual practices (the number of partners or condomless anal sex) and self-reported HPV vaccine receipt after adjusting for confounding factors such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). HIV-negative MSM taking PrEP were three times more likely to be vaccinated against HPV compared with HIV-negative MSM not taking PrEP in both multivariable analyses. Our findings suggest that there is no association between HPV vaccination and sexual risk practices in MSM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-317
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020


  • Human papillomavirus
  • men who have sex with men
  • prevention
  • sexual behaviours, HIV, PrEP, pre-exposure prophylaxis
  • vaccine

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